UNDERSTANDING THE CONVENTION ON SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA (CITES): A STUDY ON THE ILLEGAL WILDLIFE TRADE IN SUMATRA HELMETED HORNBILL

Sri Elmanita S, Sophia Listriani

Abstract


This study analyzes the implementation of Convention on Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) in dealing with the Illegal Wildlife Trade (IWT) of the helmeted hornbill (Rhinoplax vigil) in Sumatra and the government's role in saving the species from extinction. This study was conducted based on a normative juridical method.  The result showed that Law No. 5 of 1990 and Government Regulation No. 7 of 1999 on safeguarding all hornbills, including the helmeted hornbill is a sound reference on this issue. The high levels of protected animal trade in the Sumatran bird market through social media, animal hunting in conservation zones is proven. The government also helps to conserve helmeted hornbill by participating in CITES COP 17 in Johannesburg South Africa, building national and international collaboration, and in-situ and ex-situ conservation. The government has faced other challenges, such as unclear legal regulations, a lack of human resources, and environmental damage.


Keywords


CITES; Illegal Wildlife Trade; Helmeted Hornbill; Sumatra.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ardhi, Grana Zaki. (2014). “Urgensi Perlindungan Spesies Langka Berdasarkan Convention International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora ditinjau dari Perspektif Undang-Undang Nomor 32 Tahun 2009”. Universitas Brawijaya, Malang.

Arinta, Nur. (2017). “Upaya Indonesia dalam Penanganan Wildlife Trafficiking: Perdagangan Rangkong Gading ke Tiongkok Periode 2012-2015”. UIN Syarif Hidayatullah, Jakarta.

Diningrat, Riky Ilhamsyah. (2015). “Penegakan Hukum Terhadap Tindak Pidana Perdagangan Satwa Liar Yang Dilindungi Menurut Undang-Undang Nomor 5 Tahun 1990 Tentang Konservasi Sumber Daya Alam Hayati dan Ekosistemnya (Studi Kasus Terhadap Perdagangan Burung Paruh Enggang Di Provinsi Kalimantan Barat). Universitas Tanjungpura.

Hanif, Fathi. (2015). “Upaya Perlindungan Satwa Liar Indonesia melalui Instrumen Hukum dan Perundang-Undangan”. Jurnal Hukum Lingkungan, 29-48.

Hekal, Muhammad. (2020). “Tindak Pidana Memperniagakan Paruh Burung Rangkong Gading di Wilayah Hukum Polda Aceh”. Universitas Syiah Kuala, Banda Aceh.

Lubis, Muhammad Ikhsan. (2017). “Implementation of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) and Law No, 5 of 1990 on the Conservation of Biological Natural Resources and Its Ecosystems in Law Enforcement Efforts and Guarantees of Environmental Rights in Gunung Leuser National Park, Indonesia”. Journal of Indonesian Legal Studies (JILS), 2(1), 56-78.

Phelps, Jacob, et al. (2016) “Tools and term for understanding illegal wildlife trade”. Front Ecol Enviton, 14(9), 479-489.

Suri, Diah Andam. (2018). “Upaya ASEAN-WEN Terhadap Penanggulangan Wildlife Crime di Indonesia Periode 2015-2016”. Universitas Islam Negeri Syarif Hidayatullah.

Symes, William S., et al. (2018). “Combined impacts of deforestation and wildlife trade on tropical biodiversity are severely underestimated”. Nature Communication, 1-9.

Zakariya, Rizki. (2020). “Optimalisasi Peran PPNS Bea Dan Cukai Dalam Penanganan Perkara Kepabeanan Perdagangan Satwa Dilindungi”. Jurnal Perspektif Bea dan Cukai, 4(1), 181-195.

CITES Sixty-ninth meeting of the Standing Committee Geneva (Switzerland). 27 Nov- 1 Dec 2017. .

Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan (KLHK). (2018). “Strategi dan Rencana Aksi Konservasi Rangkong Gading (Rhinoplax vigil) Indonesia 2018-2028”.

Law No. 5 of 1990 concerning Conservation of The Living Natural Resources and Its Ecosystem

The Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) 1963

Andik. (2021). “Paruh Burung Langka Senilai 900 Juta Gagal Diseludupkan”. .

CNN Indonesia. (2021). “Greenpeace Sebut Deforestasi Kalimantan-Sumatra Capai 4 Juta Hektare”..

Hanafiah, Junaidi. (2021). “Foto: Dimusnahkannya 71 Paruh Rangkong Gading Hasil Perburuan di Hutan Leuser”. .

Karvarino. (2019). “Diburu, Rangkong Gading di TNBBS Lampung Terancam Punah”. .

Kristina. (2022). “9 Burung di Indonesia Ini Hampir Punah, Ada yang Pernah Tersisa 6 Ekor”. <9 Burung di Indonesia Ini Hampir Punah, Ada yang Pernah Tersisa 6 Ekor (detik.com)>.

Mongabay. (2019). “Hornbill beroes: A conversation with a top Indonesian bird conservation NGO”. .

Putri, Aditya Widya. (2020). “Kelestarian Rangkong Gading Masih Terancam oleh Perburuan Ilegal”.

.

Richwanudin, Sadam Afian. (2022). “Kerugian Negara dalam Kejahatan Satwa Liar Dilindungi”..

Tim Betahita. (2021). “Potret Perdagangan Ilegal Rangkong Gading di Indonesia”. .




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24815/sjil.v3i1.26053

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Student Journal of International Law
Fakultas Hukum Universitas Syiah Kuala  
Jalan Putroe Phang No.1. Darussalam, Provinsi Aceh, 23111 
Telp: (0651) 7410147, 7551781. Fax: 7551781  
 
e-mail: sjil@unsyiah.ac.id

ISSN : 2807-8497 (ONLINE)