The Implementation of Information Gap in Speaking

Irma Aulia Rahmah


This research investigates the implementation of information gap as a technique to improve the speaking skill for first year students of SMPN 2 Banda Aceh. The kind of experiment is quasi experimental design. This study involved two clasess as samples in this research, namely experimental group and control group. The experimental group was taugth by implementing information gap, while the control group was taught by implemeting conventional teaching. The students’ achievement was scored by using pre-test and post-test. To find out the result of this study, the writer used t-test score. The research finding shows that the mean score of post-test of the experimental group after implementing treatment is 95.02, higher than that of the control group, that is 70.6. In this reseearch, the writer took the the critical vaue of 2.704 for t at the level of significance 0.01. The researcher found that the pre-test t-value is lower than t-table (2.09 < 2.704). Afterward, the result of t-score of post-test is higher than pre-test (22.77 > 2.704). Therefore it can be concluded that the alternative hypothesis (Ha) is accepted and the null hypothesis (Ho) is rejected. It indicated that there is a significant difference between the students who were taught speaking by using information gap and those who were not. In other words, information gap was an effective technique to improve students’ language skils especially in speaking skill.


Speaking Skill; Information Gap

Full Text:



Agustina, F. (2014). Teaching speaking by using information gap technique for junior high school students Universitas Syiah Kuala (Unpublished) Syiah Kuala University.

Ary, D., J, L.C., & Sorensen. C. K. (2010). Introduction to Research in Education (8^th). Wadsworth: Cangage Learning.

Brown, H., D. (2003). Language Assessment: Principles and classroom practices. California: Longman.

Buttner, A. (2015). Activities, Games, and Assessment Strategies for the World Language Classroom,(1^st Ed.). New York: Routledge.

Byrne, J. P., & Wasik, B. A. (1997). Language and literacy development: What educators need to know.New York: Guilford Publication, Inc.

Cohen, L., M, L., & Morrison, K. (2007). Research methods in education. (6^th Ed.). New York: Routledge.

Fazli, M. (2008). Communicative method in ELT. Delhi: Atlantic Publisher and Distributor.

Genc, B. (2007). “ An analysis of communication strategies employed by Turkish-speaker of English”. (Doctoral dissertation) .Retrived Agustus 2004 From

Harmer, J. (1998). The Practice of English language teaching, (3^rd Ed.). Harlow: Longman.

Jondeya, R. S. (2011) “The effectiveness of using information gap on developing speaking skill for the eighth grades in Gaza Governorate Schools”. (Doctoral dissertation) .Retrieved September 5, 2015

Kayi, H. (2006). Teaching Speaking: Activities to promote speaking in a second language, TESL Journal. 12 (Vol)

Larsen-Freeman. D. (2000). Techniques and principles in language teaching, (2^nd). NewYork: Oxford University.

------------. (2003). The Impact of English as a global language on education policies and practices in the asia-pacific region. TESOL Quarterly, 4(vol), 589-613.

Nuraeni. (2014) “The Effectiveness of Oinformation-Gap toward Students’ Speaking Skill”. (Bachclor of Art). Retrived October 9, 2014 Fromnuraeni@watermack

Pekrun, R., & Linnenbrink-Garcia, L. (2014). International Handbook of Emotions in Education. New York: Routledge.

Putri, Y. A. (2014). Using information gap activity to improve the speaking skills of grade viii students at SMPN 7 Yogyakarta”. (Doctoral dissertation). Retrived October 14, 2015 from

Richards, J., C. & Rodgers, T. S. (1986). Approaches and methods in language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

-------------. (2006). Communicative Language Teaching Today. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

-------------. (2014). Approaches and methods in language teaching,(3^rd Ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Scrivener, J. (2011). Learning Teaching: The essential guide to English language teaching (3^rdEd.). Oxford: Macmillan Education.

Thornbury, S., & Slade, D. (2006). Conversation: From description to pedagogy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Widdowson, H.G. (1990) Aspects of language teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

e-ISSN: 2528-746X

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.