IMPLEMENTASI FAIRTRADE MINIMUM PRICE DAN FAIRTRADE PREMIUM SERTIFIKASI KOPI FAIRTRADE TERHADAP KESEJAHTERAAN PETANI KOPI GAYO

Musa Mustada, Zulkarnain Zulkarnain, Agus Nugroho

Abstract


Abstrak. Banyak petani kopi mulai bertransisi ke produk organik selama penurunan harga kopi yang terjadi di pasar internasional pada tahun 2000-2004. Didorong oleh pertumbuhan permintaan pasar kopi bersertifikat, harga rendah di pasar utama, dan bantuan dari proyek pembangunan. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui implementasi fairtrade minimum price dan fairtrade premium sertifikasi kopi Fairtrade dalam mensejahterakan hidup petani kopi gayo. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Kabupaten Aceh Tengah yaitu Kecamatan Jagong Jeged. Lokasi dipilih secara sengaja (purposive). Objek dari penelitian ini adalah petani sertifikasi Fairtrade di Kabupaten Aceh Tengah. Analisis yang digunakan adalah analisis deskriptif kuantitatif. Analisis ini bertujuan untuk menjabarkan penerapan dan pengaplikasian prinsip sertifikasi kopi Fairtrade. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian diperoleh kesimpulan bahwa koperasi belum memiliki peran yang signifikan dalam memperbaiki harga kopi akan tetapi petani kopi mengakui bahwa mereka telah mendapatkan Fairtrade premium fee. 

Implementation Of Fairtrade Minimum Price And Fairtrade Premium of Fairtrade Coffee Certification on the Welfare of Gayo Coffee Farmers

Abstract. Many coffee farmers began to transition to organic products during the fall in coffee prices on the international market in 2000-2004. Driven by growing demand for the certified coffee market, low prices in key markets, and assistance from development projects. This study aimed to determine the implementation of fairtrade minimum price and fairtrade premium Fairtrade coffee certification for the welfare of gayo coffee farmers. This research was conducted in Central Aceh District, namely Jagong Jeged District. The location was chosen intentionally (purposively). The object of this research is Fairtrade-certified farmers in Central Aceh District. The analysis used is descriptive quantitative analysis. This analysis aims to describe the application and application of Fairtrade coffee certification principles. Based on the study results, it was concluded that cooperatives had no significant role in improving coffee prices. However, coffee farmers admit that they have received a Fairtrade premium fee.


Keywords


Petani Kopi; Sertifikasi; Kesejahteraan; Coffee Farmers; Certfication; Fairtrade; Welfare

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17969/jimfp.v7i4.22346

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Alamat Tim Redaksi:
Fakultas Pertanian,Universitas Syiah Kuala
Jl. Tgk. Hasan Krueng Kalee No. 3, Kopelma Darussalam,
Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia.
Email:jimfp@usk.ac.id