Analisis Hubungan Antara Sifat-Sifat Kimia Tanah dan Kualitas Kopi Arabika Gayo

Reni Mahara, Yusnizar Yusnizar, Muyassir Muyassir

Abstract


Abstrak. Kopi arabika Gayo telah dikenal dunia karena memiliki citarasa khas dengan ciri utama antara lain aroma dan perisa yang kompleks dan kekentalan yang kuat.  Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara sifat-sifat kimia tanah dan kualitas kopi arabika Gayo. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode survei dengan cara observasi lapangan yang disertai pengambilan sampel tanah dan biji kopi untuk dilakukan analisis di Laboratorium. Sifat - sifat kimia tanah yang diamati adalah pH H2O, C-Organik, N-Total, P-Tersedia, Ca-dd, Mg-dd, K-dd, Na-dd, KTK, dan KB dan parameter kualitas citarasa yang diamati adalah Aroma, Flavor, After Taste, Acidity, Body, Balance, Uniformity, Clean Up, Sweetness dan Overall. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis dengan metode regresi dan korelasi berganda Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sifat – sifat kimia tanah tidak berkorelasi positif terhadap citarasa kopi arabika.

Analysis of the Relationship between Soil Chemical Properties and the Quality of Gayo Arabica Coffee

Abstract. Gayo Arabica coffee is known to the world because it has a distinctive taste with the main characteristics, including complex aromas and flavors and strong viscosity. This study aims to determine the relationship between soil chemical properties and the quality of Gayo Arabica coffee. The method used in this study is a survey method by means of field observations accompanied by soil and coffee bean sampling for analysis in the laboratory. The chemical properties of the soil observed were pH H2O, C-Organic, N-Total, P-Available, Ca-dd, Mg-dd, K-dd, Na-dd, CEC, and KB and the parameters of the taste quality observed were Aroma, Flavor, After Taste, Acidity, Body, Balance, Uniformity, Clean Up, Sweetness and Overall. The data obtained were analyzed by regression and multiple correlation methods The results showed that the chemical properties of the soil were not positively correlated with the taste of Arabica coffee.


Keywords


Sifat kimia tanah, kualitas citarasa kopi arabika ; Soil chemical properties, Arabica coffee taste quality

Full Text:

PDF

References


Badan Pusat Statistik. 2015. Kabupaten Aceh Tengah dalam Angka 2012. Aceh (ID) : BPS

Bertrand, B., P. Vaast, E. Alpizar, H. Etienne, F. Davrieux, and P. Charmetant. 2006. Comparison of bean biochemical composition and beverage quality of Arabica hybrids involving Sudanese-Ethiopian origins with traditional varieties at various elevations in Central America. Tree Physiology. 26:1239–1248.

Direktorat Jendral Perkebunan. 2017. Statistik Perkebunan Indonesia, Sekretariat Direktorat Jenderal Perkebunan.

Gayo Cuppers Team. (2017). Standar Umum Pengujian Mutu Pada Biji Kopi.[Online]. Diambil dari http://www.tpsaproject. com/wpcontent/ uploads/2020-02-06 Presentation-9-IDN-1123.03a.pdf

Gonthier, D.J., Witter, J.D., Spongberg, A.L., & Philpott, S.M. 2011. Effect of nitrogen fertilization on caffeine productionin coffee (Coffea arabica). Chemoecology, 21, 123–130.

Hartatik, W dan K. Idris. 2008. Kelarutan Fosfat Alam dan SP-36 dalam Gambut yang Diberi Amelioran Tanah Mineral. Jurnal Tanah dan Iklim No. 27/2008. ISSN 1410 – 7244.

Hilmawan, H.(2013). Makalah Kopi.http://himanhilmawan3. blogspot.co.id /2013/05/ makalah-kopi.html. Diakses tanggal: 21 Oktober 2019.

Maro, G., B. Msanya dan J. Mrema. 2014. Soil fertility evaluation for coffee (Coffea Arabica) in Hai and Lushoto Districts, Northern Tanzania. Intern. J. of Plant and Soil Sci. 3(8) : 934 - 947.

Rahardjo, P. 2012. Panduan Budidaya dan Pengolahan Kopi Arabika dan Robusta. PT. Penebar Swadaya, Jakarta.

Rusdiana, O, and R.S Lubis. 2012. “Pendugaan Korelasi Antara Karakteristik Tanah Terhadap Cadangan Karbon ( Carbon Stock ) Pada Hutan Sekunder.” Jurnal Silvikultur Tropika 3(1): 14–21

Silva, S.A., & Lima, J.S.S. (2014). Spatial estimation of foliar phosphorus indifferent species of the genus coffea based on soil properties. R. Bras. Ci. Solo, 38, 1439–1447.

Silva, S. de A., de Queiroz, D. M., Ferreira, W. P. M., Corrêa, P. C., & Rufino, J. L. dos S. (2015). Mapping the potential beverage quality of coffee produced in the Zona da Mata, Minas Gerais, Brazil. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 96, 3098–3108. https://doi.org/10.1002/ jsfa.7485

Sumirat, U. (2008). Dampak kemarau panjang terhadap perubahan sifat biji kopi robusta (Coffea canephora). Pelita Perkebunan,24(2), 80-94.

Supriadi, H., Randriani, E., & Towaha, J. 2016. Korelasi antara ketinggian tempat, sifat kimia tanah, dan mutu fisik biji kopi Arabika di Dataran Tinggi Garut. Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar, 3(1),45.

Van Der Vossen, H. A. M. 2005. A critical analysis of the agronomic and economic sustainability of organic coffee production. Exp. Agric. 41: 449–473.

Van Der Vossen, H. A. M. 2009. The cup quality of disease-resistant cultivar of Arabica coffea (Coffea arabica). Exp. Agric. 45(03): 323–332.

Wahyuni, E., Karim, A., dan Anhar, A. 2013. Analisis Citarasa Kopi arabika Organik pada Berberapa Ketinggian Tempat dan Cara Pengolahannya di Dataran Tinggi Gayo.

Yadessa, A., J. Burkahardt, M. Denich, T. Woldemariam, E. Bekele, dan H. Goldbach. 2008. Influence of soil properties on cup quality of wild Africa Coffee in coffee forest ecosystem of SW Ethiopia. Paper presented at 22 nd. International Conference on Coffee Science (ASIC) Held Between 14-19 September, Campinas, SP, Brazil. p. 1-10.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.17969/jimfp.v7i3.20976

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


 


JIM Agribisnis|JIM Agroteknologi|JIM Peternakan|JIM Teknologi Hasil Pertanian|JIM Teknik Pertanian|
JIM Ilmu Tanah|JIM Proteksi Tanaman|JIM Kehutanan


E-ISSN: 2614-6053 2615-2878 Statistic Indexing | Citation


Alamat Tim Redaksi:
Fakultas Pertanian,Universitas Syiah Kuala
Jl. Tgk. Hasan Krueng Kalee No. 3, Kopelma Darussalam,
Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia.
Email:jimfp@usk.ac.id