Strategi Petambak Dalam Pengelolaan Risiko Pada Budidaya Udang (Studi Kasus Budidaya Udang Intensif di CV. Ekky Gunawan Desa Lampageu Kecamatan Peukan Bada Kabupaten Aceh Besar)

Akmal Maulana, Agus Nugroho, Cut Faradilla


This study aims to identify external factors and internal factors in identifying risks, and identifying risks, and identifying risks in overcoming the impact of risks on shrimp farming in Lampageu Village, Aceh Besar District. This research uses a case study approach by making CV. Ekky Gunawan in Lampageu Village, Aceh Besar District as the main focus of research as well as the main source of information. The analysis method used in this research is the coefficient of variation analysis and the SWOT analysis using QSPM. Based on the internal strategy factor matrix (IFAS), several internal factors that influence farmers' strategies in risk risk in the CV. Ekky Gunawan is a large production volume, structured pond management, adequate facilities and infrastructure, strategic location of the ponds, marketing is channeled to buyers with cooperation (sale and purchase contracts) each of these factors has a score of 0.432. Based on the external strategy factor matrix (EFAS), it shows that the greatest opportunity to determine the risk of vanname shrimp farming in Lampageu Village, Aceh Besar District is demand for shrimp products, domestic demand for shrimp products, geographical conditions that support shrimp farming, the development of international markets respectively. The opportunity has a score of 0.421, the biggest threat is a security issue with a security issue score of 0.421. The total weighted score of the odds is 1,763 and the threat is 1,474. This shows that the level of threat caused by external factors is still low and has a high enough chance. The strategy of farmers at risk in Lampageu Village, Aceh Besar District based on the QSPM results is the S-O strategy. The most dominant priority strategy is to optimize the location of the pond which is a strategy to determine the cultivation environment layout in accordance with the carrying capacity of the environment.


Udang, Manajemen risiko; Faktor internal dan eksternal; SWOT; Shrimp; risk management; internal and external factors; SWOt

Full Text:



Arthur, J.R. 2008. General principles of the risk analysis process and its application to aquaculture. In M.G. Bondad-Reantaso, J.R. Arthur and R.P. Subasinghe (eds). Understanding and applying risk analysis in aquaculture. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper. No. 519. Rome, FAO. pp. 3–8.

FAO. 2010. FishStat (FAO Yearbook of Fishery Statistics), FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations), Rome, Italy.

FAO. 2013. Towards sustainable shrimp culture in Thailand and the region. Agris FAO. Washington DC, United States.

Mohammadi, V., & Jafarpanah, I. (2014). Marketing Strategies in Knowledge-Based Companies of ICT Services. J. Mgmt. & Sustainability, 4, 199.

Nasution, S., Yandra, A., Kandrawan, S & Taufik, D. 2014. Identifikasi dan Evaluasi Risiko Menggunakan Fuzzy FMEA Pada Rantai Pasok Agroindustri Udang. Jurnal Riset Industri. Departemen Teknologi Industri, IPB. Bogor.

Sura. N., K. Sukiyono & I. Cahyadinata .2015. Analisis Risiko Produksi dan Pendapatan Budidaya Tambak Udang Rakyat di Kelurahan Labuhan Deli, Kecamatan Medan Marelan, Kota Medan. Jurnal Riset. Universitas Bengkulu. Bengkulu.

Walker, P.J. & Mohan, C.V. 2009. Viral Disease Emergence in Shrimp Aquaculture: Origins, Impact and the Effectiveness of Health Management Strategies. Reviews in Aquaculture 1, 125–154. Australian Animal Health Laboratory


  • There are currently no refbacks.


JIM Agribisnis|JIM Agroteknologi|JIM Peternakan|JIM Teknologi Hasil Pertanian|JIM Teknik Pertanian|
JIM Ilmu Tanah|JIM Proteksi Tanaman|JIM Kehutanan

E-ISSN: 2614-6053 2615-2878 Statistic Indexing | Citation

Alamat Tim Redaksi:
Fakultas Pertanian,Universitas Syiah Kuala
Jl. Tgk. Hasan Krueng Kalee No. 3, Kopelma Darussalam,
Banda Aceh, 23111, Indonesia.